Drug Development

Dec 01, 2003
Pharmaceutical Technology Europe
The use of solid dispersion technology to increase the bioavailability of poorly water-soluble drugs has always been limited by processing and scale-up difficulties. A new approach may help to overcome some of the problems.
Oct 01, 2003
Pharmaceutical Technology Europe
This case study describes how a major pharmaceutical manufacturer was equipped with four filling lines, for metered dose inhalers, supplied with a nitrogen cooling system to prevent spontaneous vaporization of the propellant gas. By doing so, a cost-effective and environmentally friendly solution was provided to a hazardous situation, which also complied with regulatory directives.
Jun 01, 2003
Pharmaceutical Technology Europe
This article describes a method for assessing the similarity of dissolution profiles using Hotelling's T2 statistic. The method applies a covariance structure that accounts for the heterogeneity of variance and correlation across time points. Comparing the method with the f2 criterion recommended in FDA's guidance on dissolution testing, the performance of the two methods was assessed on real examples, and simulation studies were also done to compare the method's performance with that of the f2 criterion.
Apr 01, 2003
Pharmaceutical Technology Europe
Oral dosage forms are the most popular way of taking medication, despite having some disadvantages compared with other methods. One such disadvantage is the risk of slow absorption of the active pharmaceutical ingredient (API), which can be overcome by administering the drug in liquid form and, therefore, possibly allowing the use of a lower dosage.
Mar 01, 2003
Pharmaceutical Technology Europe
Interest in more advanced drug delivery systems has increased, with an acceleration in the discovery and development of novel therapeutic macromolecules for targeted applications. Computational fluid dynamics is a design tool that allows producers of these and other products to evaluate different models rapidly and cost-effectively.
Feb 01, 2003
Pharmaceutical Technology Europe
Non-toxic and biodegradeable, biologically active liposomes encapsulate therapeutics to provide an attractive drug delivery system for the future.
Jan 01, 2003
Pharmaceutical Technology Europe
It has been demonstrated that the existing FDA dose content uniformity test has very poor statistical relevance, which has resulted in the acceptance of poor quality batches and the rejection of good quality batches. By using Bayesian Inference, a much improved test has been produced that allows the quality of a batch of drug product to be determined accurately, using a suitable number of samples for the quality of the batch.
Jan 01, 2003
Pharmaceutical Technology Europe
By Albedo
Brussels report
Nov 01, 2002
Pharmaceutical Technology Europe
Dry powder inhalers (DPIs) contain a powder which, when required, is discharged and inhaled. The therapeutic drug is manufactured in powder form as small particles a few micrometres in diameter. In many DPIs, the drug is mixed with much larger sugar crystals, such as lactose, and the smaller drug particles attach to these excipient particles, improving entrainment of the drug upon inhalation. This article examines how the application and combination of versatile processes such as milling, micronizing, sieving and air classification can be used to manufacture dedicated lactose products for practically every possible combination of active and excipient blend in DPIs.
Oct 01, 2002
Pharmaceutical Technology Europe
Using melt extrusion to prepare glass solutions of poorly water-soluble drugs with hydrophilic excipients offers an exciting and advantageous alternative to existing formulation methods such as spray-drying and co-melting. Investigating potential methods to increase water solubility begins early in drug development. Techniques described in this paper show how only a small quantity of drug can be used to determine its suitability for melt extrusion, allowing the method to be considered at the same time as salt screening and particle size reduction work, and could speed up the formulation process.
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