Appendix: definitions and regulations, Federal Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Act
Chapter II: Definitions
Section 201(g)(1). The term "drug"means: (A) articles recognized in the official United States Pharmacopeia, official Homeopathic
Pharmacopeia of the United States, or official National Formulary, or any supplement to any of them; (B) articles intended
for use in the diagnosis, cure, mitigation, treatment, or prevention of disease in man or other animals; and (C) articles
(other than food) intended to affect the structure or any function of the body of man; and (D) articles intended for use as
a component of any articles specified in clause (A), (B), or (C).
Section 201(j). The term "official compendium" means the official United States Pharmacopeia, official Homeopathic Pharmacopeia
of the United States, official National Formulary, or any supplement to any of them.
Chapter V: Adulteration sections
A drug or device shall be deemed to be adulterated —Section 501(a)(2)(B). If it is a drug and the methods used in, or the
facilities or controls used for, its manufacture, processing, packing, or controls used for, its manufacture, processing,
packing, or holding do not conform to or are not operated or administered in conformity with current good manufacturing practice
to assure that such drug meets the requirements of this Act as to safety and has the identity and strength, and meets the
quality and purity characteristics, which it purports or is represented to possess or is represented to possess.
A drug or device shall be deemed adulterated —Section 501(b). If it purports to be or is represented as a drug the name of
which is recognized in an official compendium, and its strength differs from, or its quality or purity falls below, the standards
set forth in such compendium. Such determination as to strength, quality, or purity shall be made in accordance with the tests
or methods of assay set forth in such compendium, except that whenever tests or methods of assay have not been prescribed
in such compendium, or such tests or methods of assay as are prescribed are, in the judgment of the Secretary, insufficient
for the making of such determination, the Secretary shall bring such fact to the attention of the appropriate body charged
with the revision of such compendium, and if such body fails within a reasonable time to prescribe tests or methods of assay
which, in the judgment of the Secretary, are sufficient for purposes of this paragraph, then the Secretary shall promulgate
regulations prescribing appropriate tests or methods of assay in accordance with which such determination as to strength,
quality, or purity shall be made. No drug defined in an official compendium shall be deemed to be adulterated under this paragraph
because it differs from the standard of strength, quality, or purity therefore set forth in such compendium, if its difference
in strength, quality, or purity from such standards is plainly stated on its label. Whenever a drug is recognized in both
the United States Pharmacopeia and the Homeopathic Pharmacopeia of the United States it shall be subject to the requirements
of the United States Pharmacopeia unless it is labeled and offered for sale as a homeopathic drug, in which case it shall
be subject to the provisions of the Homeopathic Pharmacopeia of the United States and not to those of the United States Pharmacopeia.
Appendix: definitions and regulations, Title 21 Code of Federal Regulations
Parts 210 and 211: Current Good Manufacturing Practice for Finished Pharmaceuticals
211.84(d) Samples shall be examined and tested as follows:
(1) At least one test shall be conducted to verify the identity of each component of a drug product. Specific identity tests,
if they exist, shall be used.
(2) Each component shall be tested for conformity with all appropriate written specifications for purity, strength, and quality.
In lieu of such testing by the manufacturer, a report of analysis may be accepted from the supplier of a component, provided
that at least one specific identity test is conducted on such component by the manufacturer, and provided that the manufacturer
establishes the reliability of the supplier's analyses through appropriate validation of the supplier's test results at appropriate