Approvals on the up
The past few years have witnessed some dreary numbers in both Europe and the US when it comes to new products, but 2011 figures
released by the European Medicines Agency may be early indicators for a 2012 upturn. At the time of going to print, statistics
were only available for January–September 2011, but these nine months alone show higher numbers of approval rates compared
with the whole of 2010.
(ERIK ISAKSON/GETTY IMAGES)
During January–September 2011, the EMA issued 74 positive opinions for marketing-authorisation applications compared with
only 51 in 2010. Overall, the EMA finalised 79 applications in 2011 compared with 54 in 2010, with the number of applications
for both new products and generics increasing over 2010.
Analysts have been moping over pharma's seemingly drying pipelines for some time, but although the above statistics paint
a bright picture for innovation there's still a long way to go before we can safely say that the pharma industry is on an
upturn. Although the number of finalised applications has increased in 2011 compared with 2010, it's unclear whether the same
can be said for started applications. The currently available statistics show that the EMA started 76 marketing-authorisation
applications compared with 90 in 2010. With the 2011 statistics only representing nine months, there's obviously a chance
that the 2011 numbers will increase, although it's unlikely that they will far exceed those for 2010.
There's also a lot of ground to make up before the industry can outdo 2009's 125 finalised applications, although this high
number was mainly driven by a large number of applications (51) for generic products. Twenty eight generic-drug applications
were finalised in 2011, compared with 20 in 2010. Importantly, however, 2011 also showed a strong increase in the number of
applications for new products, which is positive considering the amount of criticism that has been directed at the pharma
industry's innovation pipeline. The 2011 statistics show that 32 applications have been finalised for new drugs compared just
21 in 2010. New orphan medicinal products are also on the rise: 11 applications in 2011 versus six in 2010.
In the US, there has also been an upward trajectory for drug approvals. In August 2011, the FDA announced that it had approved
21 new molecular entities and new biologics license applications; the same number that the agency approved in the whole of
2010. By November, the number of new FDA approved drugs had risen to 35, which is among the highest number of FDA approvals
in the past decade, surpassed only by 2009 when the agency approved 37 new products.
There's still a long way to go before anyone can safely say that the innovation drought is over. In August 2011, financial
services firm Burrill & Company released a statement urging the industry to be cautious. "We're on our way to breaking the
anaemic pace of new drug approvals of recent years, but the problems underlying the relatively low rate of approvals since
2004 still need to be addressed," explained G. Steven Burrill, CEO.
Fortunately, this is something that the FDA is working towards. According to an FDA statement, the agency has been trying
to expedite approval times and increase flexibility in clinical trials while maintaining drug safety standards.
Burrill is correct in that we should probably be cautious when looking towards the future, but given that both Europe and
US have seen greater drug approval rates this year compared with last, perhaps 2011 marks an important step towards a more
productive and innovative pharmaceutical industry.