After Moses led the Israelites out of Egypt, he faced a tough challenge: how to transform a people living as slaves among
idol worshippers into a free people believing in one god. His solution to the challenge was pretty extreme: he marched his
followers around the Sinai Desert for 40 years until those who had been slaves in Egypt died off and only people who had known
freedom entered the Promised Land.
Chief executives at the global bio/pharmaceutical companies face a challenge similar to that faced by Moses 2 500 years ago:
how to transform a deeply engrained corporate culture characterised by high costs and slow decision-making into a culture
valuing speed and flexibility. Of course, CEOs don't have the luxury of waiting 40 years for a turnaround, but the efforts
at most companies seem to be pretty tepid relative to the problem. Acquisitions and reorganisations address part of global
bio/pharma's problems, but they do little to transform their bloated, slow-moving bureaucracies.
One company that seems to understand that these times call for bold solutions is Eli Lilly and Company. Over the last two
years, Lilly has established a number of strategic sourcing relationships that simultaneously have reduced its fixed cost
structure while giving it access to best-in-class development and manufacturing services.
The largest and biggest of those strategic relationships was the long-term deal with Covance, first announced in August 2008.
Covance received a 10-year contract worth a minimum of $1.6 billion to provide a package of toxicology, clinical pharmacology
(Phase I), Phase II–IV clinical research and central laboratory services. As part of the deal, Covance acquired Lilly's 450acre
campus in Greenfield (IN, USA) outside of Indianapolis, with its 600000 square foot housing toxicology and bioanalytical labs.
Covance took on most of the 265 Lilly employees working at the site.
Most recently, Lilly announced a strategic deal with Fisher Clinical Services, a unit of Thermo Fisher scientific, for manufacturing,
packaging, labelling and distribution of clinical trial materials (CTM). Under the agreement, Fisher Clinical will assume
responsibility for the CTM operations at Lilly Technology Center in Indianapolis, and will purchase Lilly's manufacturing
and packaging equipment. Staff of Lilly's CTM operations will be given the opportunity to apply for positions with Fisher
The Covance and Fisher Clinical deals are notable for their size and scope, but Lilly also has put into place other strategic
deals for a variety of services in discovery, clinical research and manufacturing (Table 1).
Table 1: Lilly strategic sourcing relationships.
Lilly has been forced to deal with circumstances of looming patent expirations and late stage clinical failures that are particularly
dire even by Big Pharma standards. It has responded by coming up with some of the most innovative drug development and restructuring
initiatives yet seen in the industry.
One of those initiatives is its FIPNet — fully integrated pharmaceutical network — strategy. Under FIPNet, Lilly is partnering
with service providers with which it has gained extensive experience and which have proven that they can perform key functions
more quickly and costeffectively than Lilly has been able to perform them inhouse. The Covance, Fisher Clinical and other
strategic sourcing arrangements shown in the table are part of the FIPNet strategy.
Another noteworthy initiative has been Chorus, Lilly's effort to perform a better job of qualifying potential drug candidates
and reducing the costs associated with late stage clinical failures. Originally established as an experimental business unit
focused on selected discovery candidates, Chorus completely re-thought the process by which drug candidates are screened and
selected for further development, and devised an entirely new set of experiments to determine the drug potential of compounds
identified in the discovery process. The Chorus concept has been so successful that it has been expanded to encompass more
compounds through the early development process, and is participating in a novel new venture with a private equity firm to
develop new drug candidates.
FIPNet and Chorus are long way from the traditional verticallyintegrated and paternalistic culture of what was once described
to me as "the Lilly way." Desperate times call for desperate measures, but those desperate measures may be the innovations
that Lilly and other global bio/pharmaceutical companies need in an increasingly challenging environment.
Jim Miller is President of PharmSource and a member of Pharmaceutical Technology Europe's Editorial Advisory Board.