Frequency Modulation Spectroscopy - Pharmaceutical Technology

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Frequency Modulation Spectroscopy
A Novel Nondestructive Approach for Measuring Moisture Activity in Pharmaceutical Samples


Pharmaceutical Technology


11. G.C. Bjorklund, "Frequency-Modulated Spectroscopy: A New Method for Measuring Weak Absorptions and Dispersions," Optic Letters 5, 15–18 (1980).

12. Lange's Handbook of Chemistry, J.A. Dean, Ed. (McGraw-Hill, New York, NY, 14th ed., 1992).

13. W.R. Anderson, W.M. Griffith, and J.R. Veale, "Tunable Diode Laser Spectroscopy: A Rapid and Nondestructive Method for Assessing Moisture Permeation through Blister Packages," poster presented at the American Association of Pharmaceutical Scientists Annual Conference, Toronto, Canada, Nov. 10–14 2002.

14. T.P. Lin et al., "Application of Frequency Modulated Spectroscopy in Vacuum-Seal Integrity Testing of Lyophilized Biological Products," PDA J. Pharma. Sci. Technol. 58 (2), 106–115 (2004).


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