Spectrophotometric Determination of Lead - Pharmaceutical Technology

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Spectrophotometric Determination of Lead
The authors developed a reliable spectrophotometric method for determining and measuring trace amounts of lead in various samples.


Pharmaceutical Technology


6. T. Logan, Lead Contamination in the Garden, http://ohioline.osu.edu/hyg-fact/1000/1149.html, Published time unknown.

7. G. G. Holmgren et al., "Cadmium, Lead, Copper, and Nickel in Agriculatural Soils of the United States of America," J. Environ. Qual. 22, 335–348 (1993).

8. West Coast Analytical Service, "Lead in Supplements and Antacids," (2002), available at http://www.wcas.com/tech/casupp.htm, accessed Mar. 7, 2008.

9. US Department of Agriculture, Determination of Cadmium and Lead by ICP-MS, available at http://www.fsis.usda.gov/PDF/CLG_TM_3_01.pdf (2006).

10. B. S. Sheppard, D. T. Heitkemper, and C. M. Gaston, "Microwave Digestion for the Determination of Arsenic, Cadmium, and Lead in Seafood Products by Inductively Coupled Plasma Atomic Emission and Mass Spectrometry," The Analyst, 119, 1683–1686 (1994).

11. K. Ndung'u, S. Hibdon, and A.R. Flegal, "Determination of Lead in Vinegar by ICP-MS and GFAAS: Evaluation of Different Sample Preparation Procedures," Talanta 64 (1), 258 – 263 (2004).

12. E. Hahn et al., "SS-GFAAS: An Ideal Method for the Evaluation of Lead and Cadmium Profiles in Birds' Feathers," Fresenius' J. Anal. Chem., 337 (3), 306–309 (1990).

13. X. Zhang et al., "GFAAS Determination of Trace Lead in Toothpase Using L'vov Platform,"Guang Pu Xue Yu Guang Pu Fen Xi, 19 (3), 388–391 (1999).

14. W. Bashir, S. G. Butler, and B. Paull, "Determination of Lead in Water Samples Using Ion Chromatography with a Xylenol Orange Containing Eluent," Analytical Letters 34 (9), 1529–1540 (2001).

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16. M.S. Di Nezio, M. E. Palomeque, and B.S. Fernandez Band, "A Sensitive Spectrophotometric Method for Lead Determination by Flow Injection Analysis with On-Line Preconcentration," Talanta 63 (2), 405–409 (2004).

17. Z.J. Li et al., "Spectrophotometric Determination of Lead in Biological Samples with Dibromo-p-methyl-methylsulfonazo," Talanta 48 (3), 511–516 (1999).

18. D. Wang, H.Q. Luo, and N.B. Li, "Resonance Rayleigh Scattering Method for the Determination of Trace Amounts of Lead(II) with 1-(2-Pyridylazo)-2-Napththol Dye," Instrumentation Sci. Technol. 33 (4), 427– 436 (2005).

19. Y. J. Dong and K. Gai, "Determination of Trace Amounts of Lead by Spectrofluorimetry," Hydrometallurgy of China, 24 (3), 172–174 (2005).


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