The role of senior management
When it comes to making a difference, senior managers actually have few levers they can pull. If they want to make change
quickly, the options reduce further. The one change that always remains open is organization change. Many senior managers
choose to pull this lever as a first option, particularly if they are under pressure to improve performance, reduce cost,
or simply to be seen to be doing something. Nothing gets attention more than an organization review that potentially disrupts
the status quo. The problem is that organization change can be tricky and may not always lead to the desired result.
So should the new organization models and theories being talked about be taken on board? How relevant are they to a closely
regulated environment like pharmaceutical manufacturing, and, if adopted, how should they be implemented?
The dilemma is that from a cultural perspective, the pharmaceutical industry is rooted in the "command-and-control" mindset
where strong oversight, clear policies, and meticulously defined procedures drive behavior. The requirement is on the employee
to learn how a task is to be done and to consistently execute that task again and again (and not necessarily to ask questions
why). Managers and supervisors are there to define the task, to ensure it is done right every time by suitably trained people,
and to solve problems when they occur. Compliance is key. Experts such as engineers, quality professionals, and support staff
are also (highly) trained to focus on their own specialist areas.
There is no doubt that changes where production operators are given more responsibility for simple maintenance routines, quality
control, and batch scheduling, for example, confront existing paradigms. This reality can be seen to be controversial. However,
the professionalism and capability of the people that oversee the industries manufacturing sites are more than adequate to
ensure these changes evolve in a way that maintains product quality and patient safety.
For senior managers looking to make an impact, it often makes sense to leave the organization change lever to last position
on the list. It then becomes an effective tool with which to make business improvement and cultural change permanent.
Understanding the difference between success and failure lies not in organization theory, even though it is important to take
change management factors into account. It lies in a "back-to-basics" philosophy where material paths are simplified and shortened,
knowledge flows to where it is needed, people are given a wider variety of skills training, and wasteful non-value adding
activity is eliminated.
Simon Chalk is director of the BioPhorum Operations Group, firstname.lastname@example.org