Links to terrorism
Discussing the relationship between counterfeits and terrorism is John D. Glover, DPA, whose 35-year career includes work with the FBI, Bristol-Myers Squibb (New York), the Pharmaceutical Security Institute, and the US State Department. He is currently head of the security advisory board for Nano-Guardian (Chicago), a provider of on-dosage authentication technology.PharmTech: Can you explain how terrorism is connected to counterfeiting?
Glover: The link between counterfeit goods and terrorism is difficult to assess because of the complex and global network of individuals, organizations, goods, and finances involved. However, during the past several years, various unclassified reports have clearly established this linkage. These reports indicate that the theft of intellectual property (IP) rights through the counterfeiting of consumer goods is a large and growing criminal enterprise.
In 2000, Terry Anslow, chief investigator of the Crime Unit of the European Leisure Software Publishers Association, reported that terrorists have found counterfeiting to be a lucrative means of raising funds. As early as 2001, Alan Slobodin, senior counsel for the US House Energy and Commerce Subcommittee on Oversight and Investigations, stated that there was strong evidence linking the sale of counterfeit medicines on the Internet to terrorist organizations in the Middle East.
The US State Department, in 2004, wrote that the tri-border region of South America—Argentina, Brazil and Paraguay—is a regional hub for Hamas and Hezbollah fundraising activities, including the manufacture and distribution of pirated goods. In 2005, the International Anti-Counterfeiting Coalition posited that there is sufficient evidence that terrorist organizations are exploiting America's IP and profiting from the manufacture and sale of pirated goods.
Additionally, some law enforcement agencies have linked al-Qaida to the sale of fake perfumes and shampoos.