Total organic carbon (TOC) analysis is a fast and effective analytical technique for cleaning validation. Understanding the various types of TOC technologies is essential for choosing the best solution.
FDA's draft guidance on aseptic processing contains some inherent difficulties, including unrealistic expectations of sterility and microbial quantification, an absence of harmonization with international rules, and failure to support new technologies or a risk-based approach. The authors propose a science-based alternative.
Current microbiological methods cannot measure microbial contamination at the levels that engineers and regulators seek to establish for aseptic processing cleanrooms. New approaches for assessing data and establishing alert and action levels are advocated, and an example of one analytical tool is considered.