Pharmaceutical Technology-01-02-2007

Pharmaceutical Technology

A Single Adulteration Limit for Cleaning Validation in a Pharmaceutical Pilot-Plant Environment

January 02, 2007

Articles

31

1

An adulteration limit of 100 ?g/25cm? (4 ?g/cm?) was proposed for pilot-plant facilities. The dynamic changes in equipment, formulation, and residue determination made implementation of a constantly changing, calculated adulteration limit impractical. A single adulteration limit was simpler to communicate and document, making compliance achievable. The limit would be used only after it was determined to be lower than a health-based evaluation and a visual-cleanliness assessment.

The Changing Fortunes of APIs

January 02, 2007

Articles

31

1

In 2007, the global pharmaceutical market is expected to grow moderately while biologics, generic drugs, and specialty-initiated drugs are projected to increase at double-digit rates. These trends for finished pharmaceuticals are reflected in the global market for active pharmaceutical ingredients (APIs), where the merchant generic API market is expected to see strong demand. On a production basis, India and China are forecast to raise their shares of the global generic API market against industry strongholds Italy and Spain. Meanwhile, the United States is expected to hold its its position as the leading producer of biotechnology-based APIs in an area traditionally dominated by captive production. And biogenerics or biosimilars gradually reshape the market.

The Relationship among Pore-Size Ratings, Bubble Points, and Porosity

January 02, 2007

Articles

31

1

Pore-size ratings are so unrelated to actual dimensions and so subject to anomalous interpretations as to make substantial dependency upon their values an unwise choice. Moreover, the means of measuring them are questionable. The pore-size rating system at best provides a qualitative differentiation.

New Congress, New Challenges in the Year Ahead

January 02, 2007

Washington Report

31

1

Democrats are back on top in Congress and are mapping a broad agenda for change. Prescription drug pricing, medical product safety, and access to needed treatments are high on the priority list. Manufacturers will be in the hot seat answering questions about patent practices, high-risk products, and why drugs cost less in other countries than in the United States. The real challenge, however, will be to gain approval of a bill to reauthorize the Prescription Drug User Fee Act (PDUFA) before the program expires on Sept. 30, 2007. Such legislation also would renew user fees for medical devices and continue the pediatric drug exclusivity program.

IT Infrastructure Qualification and System Validation: IT Vendor Perspectives

January 02, 2007

Articles

31

1

During the past decade, the pharmaceutical industry has increased its use of information technology (IT) in research and development, production, and commercialization of pharmaceutical products. IT systems must be operated and maintained within a compliance-oriented framework to minimize risks; maximize safety and security, integrity, accuracy, reliability of information; and maintain product quality, For IT vendors and service providers, meeting requirements for qualification and validation calls for substantial investments in terms of creating capability, expertise, and resources. The author discusses the implications, challenges, and solutions in managing IT infrastructure qualification and validation in an FDA-regulated environment, particularly at vendor sites.

Caution When Traveling Full Speed Ahead

January 02, 2007

This Time Around

31

1

The closing presentation was perfectly pitched to bring a lump to our throats and have us cheering for fast-track drug development. I and 30 other journalists had spent the day touring a Big Pharma plant, and now sat shoulder to shoulder in a warm conference room, awaiting the final speaker.

Empty Cities, Outstretched Hands

January 02, 2007

From The Editor

31

1

Ninety million people live in California, Texas, New York, and Florida. Imagine that, sometime tonight, an unnameable catastrophe carries off everyone in those states over the age of 14. When the sun comes up tomorrow, only the children remain. Eighteen million children, left to care for one another or fend for themselves.

January 2007

January 02, 2007

In the Field

31

1

Defects in Herceptin vials stem from a fault in the packaging process.